Mahatma Gandhi

"To forget how to dig the earth and to tend the soil is to forget ourselves."

 

What is Soil?

This definition is from the Soil Science Society of America.

(i) The unconsolidated mineral or organic material on the immediate surface of the Earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants. (ii) The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the Earth that has been subjected to and shows effects of genetic and environmental factors of: climate (including water and temperature effects), and macro- and microorganisms, conditioned by relief, acting on parent material over a period of time. A product-soil differs from the material from which it is derived in many physical, chemical, biological, and morphological properties and characteristics.

 
Image by Markus Spiske

What is Climate Change?

Our planet's climate is changing. Earth is warming up faster than ever. Scientists have been studying and collecting data for a long time.

Image by Patrick Hendry
 

Soil Solution

Agriculture has the power to decrease the greenhouse gases and to control climate change.

Harvesting
 

Important Climate Change and Soil Terms

Climate and Weather

Weather is all the conditions in the atmosphere that are around us. 

It is a combination of temperature, wind, humidity, and precipitation.

Climate is the total average of all weather occurring over a period of several years in a specific place. 

Greenhouse Gases

The earth has some gasses in the atmosphere to keep us warm. These gases are water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide,  ozone, and methane.

Soil Pollution

There are diverse causes of soil pollution. Some of the more common types of pollutions are industrial chemicals, metal contamination, radioactive metals, agricultural chemicals, salts, and sewage.

Soil Organic Carbon

Soil organic carbon is the component of the soil organic matter that can be measured. Generally, organic matter in soil makes up  2 to 10% of  soil's total mass and has effect on the physical, chemical and biological function of agricultural soil.

Cover Crops

A  cover crop is a plant grown to help protect  and enrich the soil. 

Compost

This is any organic material that is added to the soil to help plants germinate and grow.

 

Educational Game - A Wise Farmer

Be a climate solution farmer today! 
Learn how to make your soil healthy, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and still make a good profit.

 
Cotton Plant

“There are only two kinds of people who are really fascinating--people who know absolutely everything, and people who know absolutely nothing”

Oscar Wilde